ORCHIDOLOGY

The state is known for its rich orchid flora. In order to develop this natural resource in a sustainable manner, the division of Orchidology is engaged in documentation, scientific studies and extension activities aimed at technological development in orchid farming and floriculture with people’s participation and contribute towards economy of the local people. Significant achievements are:

During the year 2003-04 and up to December 2004, six externally funded projects in addition to state plan project have been carried out under the Orchidology division. Monitoring and maintenance of projects implemented earlier years has also been done during the year. Other assets created have been maintained during the year.

STATE PLAN PROJECT OF GOVT. OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH

A. CONSERVATION

B. RESEARCH

      1. Production of Seedlings : (i) Seed culture : 40 species and 2 hybrids are cultured through seeds and about 1800 seedlings transplanted about 500 nos. flasks with various stages of culture are in stock. (ii) Tissue culture : 20 hybrids and 2 species of cymbidium, Vanilla, Dendrobium and Vandaceous group cultured by using apical meristem/ inflorescence node/ axillary buds. About 400 flasks with various stages of culture are in stock. About 600 seedlings are ready for transplanting at Tipi and Itanagar Lab.
      2. Taxonomy
        • New Records: Collected and identified following 2 orchids species as new addition to India from Arunachal Pradesh during the year. 1. Dendrobium ruckeri Lindl. 2. Oberonia lobulata K&P
        • Herbarium: 14 specimens are added in the orchid herbarium, Tipi during the year 2003-04 making total number of OHT Herbarium 3,032 nos. representing a total of 387 species and 101 genera.
        • Breeding: During the year 100 breeding trials are conducted at Itanagar and ORC, Tipi involving 15 species and 3 hybrids. Some of the successful capsules are under observation.
C. HARDENING OF LAB. SEEDLINGS

About 2000 nos. of lab seedlings were hardened at hardening unit. Tipi, and about 60% seedlings survived.

D. REVENUE

A total of Rs. 93,705/- only has been earned as revenue during 2003-04 by selling various orchid products at ORC, Tipi.

E. EXTENSION SERVICES

F. TECHNICAL REPORTS/BOOKS/RESEARCH PAPERS/GENERAL ARTICLES

Technical Reports

  1. A note on Pongamia pinnata – submitted to PCCF
  2. Environment and Forest Research Priorities of Northeast Region of India – Submitted to GBPIHED
  3. A Note on Floriculture development in Northeast India – Submitted to the National Foundation for Communal Harmony, New Delhi/ the Chairman NE Study Group
  4. A Note on Medicinal Plant Development in Northeast India - Submitted to the National Foundation for Communal Harmony, New Delhi/ the Chairman NE Study Group

Books

1. Arunachal Pradesh Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

2. Field Manual for Propagation and Plantation of Medicinal Plants

Research Papers/Articles

  1. Thirty years of Orchid Research and Development in Arunachal Pradesh (S. N. Hegde)
  2. In vitro seed germination and micro-propagation studies on Ascocentrum ampullaceum (Roxb.) Schltr (Orchidaceae) (S. N. Hegde & R. Shadang)
  3. Prospects of Floriculture Industry in Arunachal Pradesh – an Invited lead paper in the National Seminar on Horticulture at Medziphema, Nagaland (S. N. Hegde)
  4. Medicinal Marvels from Arunachal Pradesh (A. N. Rao) in Amrut, Sept-Oct/2003. 3-8.
  5. Report on three new records of orchids to Arunachal Pradesh (A. N. Rao & K. Haridasan) in Rhudia (Communicated).

General Articles

1. Orchids: the blooming gold of Arunachal Pradesh – A talk over AIR, Itanagar (S. N. Hegde)

2. Contributions to Orchid research and sustainable Development in Arunachal Pradesh -

A discussion over AIR, Itanagar for the National Archives.

3. Van Vigyan Kendra, Chessa - an information leaflet.

4. Opportunities in Floriculture Industry in Northeast India with reference to Orchids – A Lecture delivered at NE Entrepreneur Development Workshop at NERIST, Nirjuli (S. N. Hegde)

G. VISITORS

About 5000 tourists and other dignitaries have visited ORC, Tipi and Orchidarium/lab at Itanagar during the year 2003-04.

H. THE TEAM

 

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