SESSA ORCHID SANCTUARY & NURSERY, SESSA
The orchid sanctuary cum nursery is located at Sessa, about 24 kilometers away from Tipi on way to Bomdila. The sanctuary stretch over an area of 100 square kilometer at an altitude ranging from 1100 – 1800 meter MSL. The sanctuary habours about 200 species of orchids of sub-tropical types comprising the genera like Dendorbium, Bulbophyllum,Coelogyne, Eria, Phaius, Liparis etc. The sanctuary is unique in the country in having six new species of orchids and seven species of saprophytic orchids. The nursery comprises representatives’ specimen of various orchid species of the sanctuary and a demonstration farm of Cymbidium hybrids for cut-flower production.
About 50 km from Bomdila on way to Towang, Orchid Center Dirang has been established in 1985. This caters to the needs of conservation of high altitude cool-loving orchids of the state in addition to carrying out breeding and improvement of native species. Besides, this also undertakes extension activities for the cultivation and farming of commercial orchids like Cymbidiums, Paphiopedilums and cool-loving Dendrobiums.
There are as many as 114 native species introduced and maintained as source of germplasm in about 5 ha area. One of the important protected species the “lost lady’s slipper orchid” Paphiopedilum fairreanum has been rehabilitated here as a measure of conservation in addition to various Cymbidiums and Dendrobiums, etc.
The Forest Zoology museum of SFRI gives a first hand information about the faunal wealth of the state. The collection of exhibits started way back in 1988 when it was located at Chessa then known as Van Vigyan Kendra. All these years of field surveys and faunal collections has made the present museum a store house of different animal groups exhibited either as bottle specimens or dry preservations. The rich biodiversity reflected here is a team work of the forest zoologist and staff of the division.
The salient features of the museums are:
- Documentation of ethnozoological recoreds of Adi tribe from the Upper Siang areas, exhibiting more than 20 species of animal from arthopeds to mammals, which is worth seeing as how the indigenous tribes depand on the forest animals / parts for their day to day needs either as food, medicine or magico-religious purposes.
- More than 3000 colleciton of arthopods are preserved and exhibited as butterflies, moths, beetles, forest pests and other forrns. Some of the wild non-mulbery silkmoth can be experimented for silk production.
- Though 214 species of mammals have been listed for the state. At museum some idea of rare ones can be seen as skulls of Budarcus taxicolor (Takin), Sero, Hog deer, Jaws of wild boar etc. Besides small arborial mammals as shrews, rats, flying squirrel etc.
- More than 800 species of birds are listed from the state, a few of these can be seen at the museum as Ceyx erithacus Chloropsis hardwickii, Glaucidium radiatum, Megalaima asiatica, Aceoros undulates etc.
- The fish diversity of the state is listed for 135 species, a good number of them can be seen at the museum as Schizothorax spp. Daino spp., Barilius spp., Cyprinus spp. Puntius spp., Mysthus spp. Glypotothorax spp., Clarius spp., Heteropneustes spp., Xenentodon Spp. Channa spp., Mastacembelus spp. Botia spp. etc.
- The reptilian fauna of the state accounts for 115 species. Among these a good collection of snakes exhibiting 40 species. Some of the interesting ones as Oligodon erythrorachis, Ophiophagus hannah, Bangarus niger, Boiga quinqunciata, Dryophis prasina etc. Among the Lizards are the Calotes spp. Japalura Spp., Gekkos, Skinks etc. and a few tortoises.
- The amphibian fauna accounts for 48 species of the state. Some of them available at the museum are Haplobatrachus spp., Limnonectes spp., Rana spp., Amolops spp., Rhacophorus spp., Polypedates spp., Philautus spp., etc.
Besides these comparative charts and driagramatic representation in form of Photographs, posters etc. of the wildlife and related subjects of the state is decorated on the surrounding walls of the museum to give a overall view of possible faunal wealth of the the state. The museum is now 15 years old.
Museums have their unique value of imparting knowledge to the visitors as researchers, scholars, scientists and even layman. The exhibits displayed give and idea of the rich biodiversity of the state and the scientific studiesa being carried out.